Uzbekistan to develop National Concept on Protection of Environment
In accordance with the decree of the Head of the country of April 21, 2017, the system of public administration in the sphere of ecology and environmental protection was improved. The reformed State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Ecology and Environmental Protection is entrusted with broad tasks on improving environmental situation, collection, storage, transportation, disposal and recycling of household waste.
Comprehensive program was also adopted on radically improving the management of household waste for 2017-2021, with a concrete definition of financing sources of its implementation.
13 state unitary enterprises “Toza hudud” (Clean zone) and 174 of their district (city) branches were organized in the system of the committee. 1,3 thousand units of special equipment, 1 thousand sites for waste collection, 5,8 thousand containers and 172 polygons were transferred to the balance of enterprises.
In the past year, additional 305 sites for waste collection have been built. They are provided with more than 2 thousand containers. A complete inventory of 295 polygons has been carried out in the republic. Their cadastral documentation has been compiled, 97 waste polygons have been put in order. An inspection on taking control over the management of household waste has been established at the committee.
However, there are many pending issues in the sphere.
Thus, only 53 percent of the population is covered by sanitary cleaning services and only 15 percent of this figure falls to the private sector. There is no system for collecting, storing and transporting domestic waste almost in all villages.
At the meeting, these and other shortcomings were analyzed. Current tasks facing the sphere were determined.
At the meeting devoted to the analysis of the ongoing activities on improving environmental situation and protection of the environment, the State Committee on Ecology and Environmental Protection has been instructed to develop, jointly with relevant ministries, a five-year program on streamlining waste collection stations in cities and developing sanitation services in rural settlements.
It is necessary to provide measures in this program on optimal organization of waste collection sites on model projects based on the number of residents of multi-storey houses, increasing the purchase of special equipment for transporting waste, phased coverage of rural population with sanitary cleaning services, expansion of participation of entrepreneurs in the sphere on the basis of public-private partnership on the order of unitary enterprises “Toza hudud” (Clean zone).
The President of the country, speaking of recycling household waste, noted the need of studying and widely implementing the experience of foreign countries.
About 60-65 percent of waste is recycled in countries such as Germany, Belgium, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, 20-25 percent of waste is used for power generation, the rest is burned without the need for landfilling the waste, said Shavkat Mirziyoyev. As a result, rational use of land resources and economic effect is achieved, negative impact on the environment decreases.
Instruction was given on introducing clusters for collection and processing of waste in 9 cities of the country this year. Activity of a cluster organized in Surkhandarya region was given as an example.
The task was set on development of a roadmap for concluding agreements with investors, preparing documentation and financing implementation of waste management projects in Fergana valley, Jizzakh, Syrdarya and Tashkent regions.
The issue of systemic organization of activity on utilization of household waste was also discussed. The need of introducing incentive mechanisms for legal entities and individuals involved in collection, recycling or handing over for processing the unused plastic, polyethylene and other packaging materials was noted.
The need for strengthening state supervision in the sphere of environment pollution prevention was noted. For example, the air pollution level exceeds the sanitary standards by an average of 2,7 times in such industrial cities as Andijan, Angren, Bukhara, Navoi, Fergana, Almalyk, Bekabad, Chirchik, Tashkent and Nukus.
In this connection, responsible persons of the State Committee on Ecology and Environmental Protection have been entrusted with the task to develop a National Concept on Protection of the Environment, on the basis of international experience.
At the meeting devoted to the analysis of the ongoing activities on improving environmental situation and protection of the environment, determining actual tasks in this sphere, issues of flora and fauna protection, their rational use, expansion of protected natural territories were discussed.
Last year, 3 782 cases of poaching and violations in protection of flora and fauna were revealed. Six of eight state reserves are under the jurisdiction of the State Committee on Forestry, two are under the jurisdiction of the State Committee on Geology and Mineral Resources and the State Committee for Ecology and Environmental Protection. There is no single management system for them. In this regard, the need for studying the issue and developing sound proposals on transferring reserves to the jurisdiction of a single state body was noted.
Particular attention was paid to issues of constant monitoring the collection and transportation of waste, enhancement of culture and responsibility of the population in handling waste.
Health and well-being of people lie on the basis of activities that are being carried out in this direction. Therefore, this issue must be addressed in every district and on a permanent basis, emphasized President Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
Responsible persons were given corresponding instructions on the discussed issues.